Wanstone Farm

Above "Jane" - one of the two 15-inch guns at Wanstone Farm Battery in WWII

The two 15" guns 'Clem' and 'Jane' were situated  at Wanstone Farm, between St.Margarets and Dover, The Admiralty supplied the guns, mountings and power plants while the War Office took charge of all the building work, including laying the railway track to the site.   The mountings were built by February 1942 and although building at the site was hampered by the very cold weather, the first gun was in place on 20th April and the second a month later on 19th of May. The guns were handed over to the Army on that date and the site was manned by members of 540 Coast Regement.


The shells weighed up to 1cwt, loading and ramming were carried out mechanically, and movement of the guns was by electric motor, allowing them engage with enemy shipping on the move. Unlike the hydraulically operated guns as St.Margarets...Winnie and Pooh.

 

Above info taken from http://www.kenthistoryforum.co.uk 

 

Wanstone Farm was located on the west side of St Margaret’s, to the rear of South Foreland Lighthouse. Here the 233 Independent Maintenance Battery was located, whose job it was to maintain all the guns in the area. As the War progressed, five new long-range batteries were created to fire at enemy shipping in the Channel. They were positioned along the coast around the village of St Margaret’s and were known as ‘Winnie‘, ‘Clem‘, ‘Jane‘ ‘Pooh‘ and ‘Bruce‘. Jane and Clem were two 15-inch guns that came into operation in August 1942, and were located on Wanstone farm. Jane was originally designed for HMS Repulse and named after a Daily Mirror cartoon character. Clem was said to be named after the Labour leader Clement Attlee (1883-1967) or Winston Churchill’s (1874-1965) wife Clementine (1885-1977).

 

The two guns were wire wound and made of a composite of steel and steel wire. This construction was introduced in the 1890’s to deal with the increased barrel pressures caused by the use of the then new propellant – cordite. These were the nearest of the big guns to the Windmill. Although quite some distance away, they would have shattered windows when they were fired if they had not been boarded up

Legacy Lives On

From the National Trust:

Now the land is secure, our priority is to begin the gradual process of restoring the agricultural fields to chalk grassland. We hope that we can create new habitats for migrating birds and allow visitors to access more of this special place.

In time, we will also share the story of the gun batteries at Wanstone Farm, ensuring more people can experience this unique heritage.

in this 5 room smart house.

Legacy Lives On

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